I vividly remember sitting in Professor Fletcher Baldwin's Criminal Procedure at the University of Florida and learning about the warrant requirements of the Fourth Amendment. I seem to recall that without a warrant searches are presumed to be invalid. The issuance of a search warrant requires probable cause which must be demonstrated to a neutral magistrate.
Prepared by Benjamin Burleson
Our society increasingly functions via portable electronic devices. Emails have largely replaced letters, cellphone calls have largely replaced those made on landlines and an individual's wireless Internet search history can reveal a great deal about what he or she loves, hates and does on a day-to-day basis. As convenient as portable electronic devices are, they can also reveal incriminating evidence when seized by law enforcement.
A federal judge in Miami has ruled that the mandatory drug testing of government employees pursuant to Governor Scott's Executive Order is unconstitutional. You can read Judge Ungaro's opinion here.